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Ḥallāl al-ʿuqad fī bayān aḥkām al-muʿtaqad

BI 58

BI 58

Author: Najm al-Dīn al-Ṭūfī

Editors: Lejla Demiri and Islam Dayeh

1st edition, Beirut, 2016

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The Ḥallāl al-ʿuqad fī bayān aḥkām al-muʿtaqad (Untying the Knots in Expounding the Principles of Faith), also known as Qudwat al-muhtadīn ilā maqāṣid al-dīn (The Exemplar of the Rightly Guided to the Objectives of Religion), is an early fourteenth-century theological treatise. The Ḥallāl is perhaps the only surviving text in which al-Ṭūfī expounds his theology in a brief and systematic manner with an intention to provide a short and uncomplicated outline of the principles of faith. Its author, Najm al-Dīn al-Ṭūfī (d. 716/1316) is a key Ḥanbalī scholar of the Mamluk period. His writings manifest considerable creativity and erudition.


The critical edition is based on a single surviving manuscript (Staatsbibliothek Berlin). The study was prepared by Lejla Demiri and Islam Dayeh. Lejla Demiri holds a doctorate from the University of Cambridge and is Professor of Islamic Doctrine at the Centre for Islamic Theology, University of Tübingen. Islam Dayeh holds a doctorate from Freie Universität Berlin where he is Assistant Professor of Arabic Studies.